tv BBC World News America PBS September 1, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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>> and now, "bbc world news america." is bbc world news america. plans toannounced new stop fighting in iraq and syria. we are on a critical border. forcedsian separatists ukrainian troops to withdraw from a key airport. you came -- ukraine's president says it was direct and open aggression. big business in china. taking couples to new depths. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around
the globe. british prime minister david passportsnounced could be temporarily ceased that borders. islamic state is imposing an increasing threat in a rack -- iraq. thereds from the u.s. and u.k. have made the journey from turkey into syria. from the border, our international correspondent reports. >> the uprising began beneath the banner of freedom and democracy. the government responded with violence and protest gave way to war. death and destruction them mounted as hundreds joined the battle. they fought and killed in the name of militant islam and this is where they were able to get in. turkey'sy two years, border with northern syria was wide open and foreign fighters
float across, including as many as 500 from britain. this smuggler took some of them in. he says they came from across europe, including england and scotland. would you describe these people as dangerous, as radicals? >> yes, but the west is to blame. the u.k. and others. for four years, serious suffered while they watched from the sidelines -- syria suffered while they watch from the sidelines. >> many moves toward the islamist groups. they were better funded, equipped, and organized, driven by a potent ideology. one of the men was from florida.
the man who trained him has now spoken to the bbc. us the young american crossed into syria to help refugees, but was angered by what he saw and took up arms against president assad. like many foreigners, he became radicalized, joining al qaeda in syria. in america orre, britain, you think you are not safe. killed himselft in a suicide bombing earlier this summer. do you still welcome foreign fighters coming to your country to fight? >> no. foreigners used to come and help, but i don't rust them anymore. now they might come here just to join isis. isis might even try to kill them. >> the british prime minister has warned that nato faces the
creation of what he calls a terrorist state on its own borders. just 150 meters away is the islamic state, a very real threat. it has its own borders, only and, own funding, and thousands of recruits. not just from europe, but north america, the gulf, and elsewhere in the world. turkey has denied helping them across into syria, but they have noticeably tightened border controls this year. it could be too late. most of those who want to fight may have already gone in. the real challenge, then, is how to take on the islamic state and the jihadists who want to bring the fight home. bbc news, turkey. q, the une human right 's counsel has agreed to send an emergency mission.
the siege by militants for months, -- by u.s. airstrikes. our correspondent as one of the first western journalists to gain access. here is his report. >> fighters from the local shia militia are going home and last, returning after a long siege. the road is open. it is not secure. a guide to said there were snipers hidden in the villages around. off to the right, there are areas of islamic state resistance. >> this is a small shia towns surrounded by militants. local fighters held out for more than two months. alliance ofnlikely
shia militias, iraqi military, and american air pilots to finally break the siege. this man is looking for his family. they are not at home. he has had virtually no news since the siege began. finally, he finds his mother at a relative's house. then, father is real united with sun. -- son. >> i have not seen my son for three months. my son. i am his mother. they shelled us from all sides day after day. they shelled my home. was a defense of amerli collective effort. children have been forced to grow up fast.
more than 1000 rockets and missiles have hit the town. they used tanks against us and heavy weapons. all of these heroes here, even the children, [inaudible] stillne in this town is -- .mid the euphoria of victory joy and theense of reunification of families and relief that the siege is broken. there is still anxiety here on the streets of amerli. we are told we should not go too far that way because there's still the potential for snipers and shootings here. is only justn that beginning to come back to life. this woman stoked her bread
oven. the grain stores burned up. then she began digging holes, looking for fresh water. so, the appearance today of a truck load of ice felt almost like americo. amerli -- like a miracle. amerli has been the biggest victory so far. this is just one small town. the islamic state is still a powerful force. gabriel gatehouse, bbc news in amerli. town freed. fighting in eastern ukraine. government troops backing separatists forced to retreat from the strategic and crucial airport. after being attacked by what they claimed were russian tanks, it comes as president putin saying ukraine is refusing to engage in peace talks with the separatists.
>> in the restive region now at of intensifying diplomatic crisis, pro-russian separatists prepared to fight. one of their leaders says they were heading to donetsk airport. there were heavy with clashes between the rebels and government forces. the airport has been under the control of the military ever since. today, russia's prime minister denial ofoscow's direct involvement in the rebel push in southeastern ukraine. he said talks on the ukraine crisis taking place today were primarily about an unconditional cease-fire. concern nowional focusing on the key port city. beingefenses are reinforced because it is a relatively short distance from the territory seized by the separatists in recent days. residents took to the streets
yesterday to protest and to pray for peace. president used a gathering of military cadets. he said it could radically change the situation in the conflict. the u.s. and europe have also charged russia with sending its own troops to intervene in ukraine. the european security organization said today it was hard to confirm the presence of regular russian forces within ukrainian territory. that said, australia has stepped up its sanctions against russia. >> i want to make it absolutely clear that the bullying of small nations by big ones and assertions that might is right should have no place in our world. >> in the latest of elements on the ground, ukrainian officials
say their troops have retreated from the airport close to the rebel stronghold of luhansk after coming under artillery fire. bbc news. >> for more on the rising tension, there is an upcoming nato meeting. i spoke with william taylor, who formerly served as u.s. ambassador to ukraine and is now the u.s. institute of peace. so, russia denies sending troops and tanks into ukraine. could the rebels be making these gains all on their own? >> no way, no way. we recall the denials earlier that the russians made about having any russian troops and crimea. several weeks after that the nile, they admitted the troops were there. they- that denial, admitted the troops were there. so, they mask their role, first and crimea and now in ukraine. they have been blatant. >> what should the west to do, then?
>> the russians probably have not ignored the sanctions. >> that has not stopped them sending tanks. >> that is exactly right. they continue to deny because i think they are worrying about more sanctions, as they should be. in answer to your question, that to be one of the things that we do next. that is expand the factions on more people, more specters, deeper sanctions on the banking system. this is having a real effect. the ruble is down 13% over this year. this is having a real economic effect and it will be worse. it cannot only be sanctions. we need to provide military support to the ukraine. >> a u.s. senator has been in ukraine. do you see that happening in washington, sending help for the ukrainian army? senator isthe speaking more than just for himself. i know there is a debate within the administration about this. we are providing a lot of weapons and support to militariesi -- to
in other parts of the world, especially iraq. with this.faced we are a partner country to ukraine and nato. they will be reluctant to come to a decision, but in the end, i think they will be able to see that stopping the russians now with a combination of sanctions and additional weapons, weapons to make the cost higher for keeping this support going, to the separatists, will be enough to stop mr. putin. >> how about the nato meeting later in the week? what signal could that sent to moscow? >> it could send a strong signal to moscow. if they say they will defend every member of the nato alliance -- because some of the members right on the border of russia are worried and concerned -- but if they demonstrate and make commitments to the
president of ukraine, who will be there at the summit, that they are willing to support him, i would love for them to say with weapons, and that'll be an individual decision as i imagine, but also with financial support. >> thank you very much for joining us. see what happens. today, there were violent clashes in islamabad. ontesters continue to call the prime minister to step down. at one point, they occupied the headquarters of the state broadcaster. they were eventually ousted by security forces. negotiations have failed to end the unrest that has gripped the country for more than two weeks. i spoke a brief time ago with the director of the south asia center of the atlantic council. what is at the heart of those protesters' frustration? >> the frustration is really about the inability of the government to respond to their request for looking at the elections that were held over a year ago.
the results were suspect. the prime minister and his team refused to acknowledge these complaints and then it has escalated ever since and deteriorated into essentially -- with people that were elected, ignoring the irony of the election, instead of preserving and protecting the constitution of the country that they now want to upend the elected government. >> is there a real possibility of another military cu in pakistan? -- coup in pakistan? >> you can never dismiss that possibility. they don't have any political party waiting in the wings. that has been the problem in the past. all the opposition parties are more or less behind the prime minister and he hopes to bring a joint session of parliament together for the next few days to solidify that constitutional support. so, he is on a pretty strong --
the fact is that the military is fighting a big war against militants on the western border. they have their hands full. >> because of that, do you think washington is watching all this with some anxiety? >> absolutely. what happens in pakistan affects what happens in afghanistan. as washington prepares to end its fighting in afghanistan and withdraw troops from there, it does not want an unstable pakistan, which would create a huge contagion effect in the region. >> what do you think the way out of this crisis is for the prime minister? can he concede to some of the demands of the protesters? >> absolutely. the resignation is one of the six demands put forward by one of the two leaders that has brought this mob attack onto the capital. he can concede on the other four
or five demands, which all deal with improving the election commission, improving the election monitoring, and looking at the results and auditing them to see whether there was any flaw -- fraud. >> how unified are the protesters? >> they are separate but unified in the sense that they are two different groups, religious group, political party. interestingly, you don't have the widespread street protests throughout the country, which would be a cause for alarm. that is why this is kind of dragging on and on. >> thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, 100 years ago, world war i. today, the sacrifices of animals and riders are honored.
give theefusal to residents of hong kong greater voting freedom has provoked anger and protest there. active it's disrupted a chinese official speech. arriving in hong kong after unveiling new democratic reforms, the chinese authorities did not get the welcome they might have hoped for. that they had lost faith in the government, protesters protested against the decision to not open the elections for hong kong's new leader. outside, uninvited guests, democracy activists, tried to forcefully enter the main stage. they were pepper sprayed by police. >> we should have our own opportunity to choose our own,
to rule our own homegrown -- hionong kong. required they have the support of more than half of the nominating committee. rights are not universal human rights. it is political rights. rights vary from country to country. >> not everyone in hong kong wants full democracy. the silent majority for hong kong's has staged demonstrations criticizing pro-democracy activists for endangering the city. without further changes to legislation, the people of hong kong will be able to vote on a maximum of three approved candidates in 2017, but with so many disappointed by the decisions so far, it is likely there will be further demonstrations.
bbc news. >> a contribution in the first world war was highlighted. today, the animals and soldiers of the british cavalry division were remembered. 100 years ago, the men on horseback helped stop the german advance on paris. robert poor reports. >> through the narrow streets, the clatter of hooves and the rumble of gun carriages turning the clocks back to a summer morning long ago. during august, 1914, german armies were driving south and west. in the months before the stalemate of trench warfare, calvary unit still had a part to play.
riders retraced the days leading up to the battle dressed and equipped as their predecessors. each rider represented one more time regiment. on the foggy morning of september 1, all hell broke loose. british cavalry and artillery were under fire from a much larger force. today, part of that story unfolded again on the exact spot where three victoria crosses were won in under an hour. nelson keptid firing after the others were destroyed. george's grandchildren said, though modest, he would have been proud to think he would be remembered. >> i think if you listened to my grandfather, he would have said, i am trained to do it. that is what we did.
it was really them or us. again acrosshoing the rooftops, a salute to the men and the horses who died while holding the line against the odds. bbc news. >> from the past to the present day, becoming ever more elaborate affairs. no detail is overlooked. in china, they have cherished wedding photographs, undergoing an extreme makeover. we have the details on couples taking the plunge. >> it is a photo shoot guaranteed to take their breath away. economy has seen a splurge and wedding spending in recent years and with that has come a rapid change in tastes and customs.
>> it is especially special for us because a lot of couples , bute the original styles we want a special style for us. it is moreerwater, beautiful for the couples, i think. >> if you can't afford time off work for the special images, why not have them taken on the job? these photos of a paramilitary police officer and his wife recently went viral on the chinese internet. couples have west, their main set of photos taken well in advance of the wedding, and with more than half a million registered wedding photographers countrywide, complex -- competition is fierce. in shanghai alone, there are dozens of studios with special tanks needed for the underwater shots. china might not have invented traditionsbut it's
are -- costing thehoot is couple of little more than 300 u.s. dollars, but with 10 million chinese couples tying the knot each year, that adds up and the industry today is worth an estimated 18 billion u.s. dollars. that is more than the total output of some european economies and includes all wedding spending. the photographers who want to hang onto their share of it are looking to the next new trend, which may determine if they sink or swim. bbc news, shanghai. couples bring today's program to a close. you can find lots more on all the days news on our website. lee's tune in tomorrow. -- please, tune in tomorrow.
>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation, union bank and charles schwab. >> there's a saying around here, you stand behind what you say. around here, you don't make excuses, you make commitments. when you can't live up to them, you own up and make it right. some people think the kind of accountability that thrives on so many streets in this country has gone missing in the places where it is needed most. but i know you will still find it when you know where to look. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you
captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: as pro-russian separatists force ukrainian troops to retreat, the rebels say they are willing to talk peace with kiev. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is away. also ahead this labor day monday. paul solman reports on the challenges millions of americans working part-time jobs face in order to make ends meet, as employers crack down on labor costs. >> woodruff: plus, with the risks of playing football come some virtues.